Thursday, June 28, 2007

Remembering Alex Haley

I had forgotten (if I ever really knew) the important role of Reader’s Digest in the creation of “Roots,” Alex Haley’s epic book from 1976. The Digest’s co-founder, Lila Acheson Wallace, underwrote Haley’s research. And the magazine published the very first excerpts of “Roots” in 1974.

Two months ago, The Reader’s Digest Association published a paperback titled “Alex Haley: The Man Who Traced America’s Roots.” With the publisher’s permission, here is an excerpt. It deals with a key phase in Haley’s writing process:
ALEX HALEY: There’s something about a ship. Usually I go out on freight ships, cargo ships. (I wouldn’t get caught on a liner. How can you write with 800 people dancing?) But the freight ships carry a maximum of 12 people, and they tend to be very quiet people.

I work my principal hours from about 10:30 at night until daybreak. The world is yours at that point. Most all the passengers are asleep.

I had written from the birth of Kunta Kinte through his capture. And I had got into the habit of talking to the character. I knew Kunta. I knew everything about Kunta. I knew what he was going to do. What he had done. Everything. And so I would talk to him.

And I had become so attached to him that I knew now I had to put him in the slave ship and bring him across the ocean. That was the next part of the book. And I just really couldn’t quite bring myself to write that.

I was in San Francisco. I wrote about 40 pages and chunked it out. When you write well, it isn’t a question so much of what you want to say, it’s a question of feel. Does it feel like you want it to feel? The feel starts coming in somewhere around about the fourth rewrite.

I wrote, twice more, about 40 pages and threw it out. And I realized what my bother was: I couldn’t bring myself to feel I was up to writing about Kunta Kinte in that slave ship and me in a high-rise apartment. I had to get closer to Kunta.

I had run out of my money at The Digest, lying so many times about when I’d finish so I couldn’t ask for any more. I don’t know where I got the money from. I went to Africa. Put out the word I wanted to get a ship coming from Africa to Florida. I just wanted to simulate the crossing.

I went down to Liberia, and I got on a freight ship called appropriately enough the African Star. She was carrying a partial cargo of raw rubber in bales. And I got on as a passenger. I couldn’t tell the captain or the mate what I wanted to do because they couldn’t allow me to do it.

But I found one hold that was just about a third full of cargo and there was an entryway into it with a metal ladder down to the bottom of the hold. Down in there they had a long, wide, thick piece of rough sawed timber. They called it dunnage. It’s used between cargo to keep it from shifting in rough seas.

After dinner the first night, I made my way down to this hold. I had a little pocket light. I took off my clothing to my underwear and lay down on my back on this piece of dunnage. I imagined I’m Kunta Kinte. I lay there and I got cold and colder. Nothing seemed to come except how ridiculous it was that I was doing this. By morning I had a terrible cold. I went back up. And the next night I’m there doing the same thing.

Well, the third night when I left the dinner table, I couldn’t make myself go back down in that hold. I just felt so miserable. I don’t think I ever felt quite so bad. And instead of going down in the hold, I went to the stern of the ship. And I’m standing up there with my hands on the rail and looking down where the propellers are beating up this white froth. And in the froth are little luminous green phosphorescences. At sea you see that a lot.

And I’m standing there looking at it, and all of a sudden it looked like all my troubles just came on me. I owed everybody I knew. Everybody was on my case. Why don’t you finish this foolish thing? You ought not be doing it in the first place, writing about black genealogy. That’s crazy.

I was just utterly miserable. Didn’t feel like I had a friend in the world. And then a thought came to me that was startling. It wasn’t frightening. It was just startling. I thought to myself, Hey, there’s a cure for all this. You don’t have to go through all this mess. All I had to do was step through the rail and drop in the sea.

Once having thought it, I began to feel quite good about it. I guess I was half a second before dropping in the sea. Fine, that would take care of it. You won’t owe anybody anything. To hell with the publishers and the editors.

And I began to hear voices. They were not strident. They were just conversational. And I somehow knew every one of them. And they were saying things like, No, don’t do that. No, you’re doing the best you can. You just keep going.

And I knew exactly who they were. They were Grandma, Chicken George, Kunta Kinte. They were my cousin, Georgia, who lived in Kansas City and had passed away. They were all these people whom I had been writing about. They were talking to me. It was like in a dream.

I remember fighting myself loose from that rail, turning around, and I went scuttling like a crab up over the hatch. And finally I made my way back to my little stateroom and pitched down, head first, face first, belly first on the bunk, and I cried dry. I cried more I guess than I’ve cried since I was four years old. ...

[Edited from a talk at Reader’s Digest, October 10, 1991, four months before Alex Haley’s death. Excerpted from the book “Alex Haley: The Man Who Traced America’s Roots,” by Alex Haley. Copyright © 2007 The Reader’s Digest Association, Inc.]


Anonymous said...

Wow, what a great excerpt. The term 'old school' was invented for dudes like Haley.

Anonymous said...

Now I'll have to read the book. I guess it would be accurate to say Alex was possessed.
Thanks for the heads up UBM.

Anonymous said...

Alex Haley was having an ancestral relationship. In the "real" world this is a bunch of bullshit---but in the Pre-Columbian, Pre-Imperial African world this is the daily discourse.

A traditional, ultra-orthodox African is never alone. This is the situation for most indigenous-oriented peoples on Earth. There are always the ancestors present. This makes going out on dates in the "real" world difficult: not only does your date have to like you but all of her ancestors as well...

Most people these days keep it real and lower the bar.

Anonymous said...

It's always such a gift to hear about how Great Writers work; to get a glimpse of their process...

And to know, also, that they are human beings, just like we all are, having very human experiences...

Thanks for sharing this excerpt....

Anonymous said...

I was a Peace Corps Volunteer in Liberia from 1976 - 1978 when "Roots" captured the imagination of the world. A friend sent it to me and I read it as Liberia and Afritude were unfolding to me in two concurrent centuries. Now you have completed the 360-degrees for me. What an indescribable gift from you to learn that Alex Haley experienced the Liberia I knew and recounted the Middle Passage from RL.


Caged Bird

Anonymous said...

Great story! I wonder who Haley stole it from.